The inflation rate measured by the overall consumer price index (
Food Price Index
The national overall prices for food had decreased by 9.1% in 2009-10 as compared to 4.3% in 2008-09. The main contributory factor to the decrease in national
Non-food prices Index
The national non-food prices increased by 3.9% in 2009-10 compared to 5.9% in 2008-09. The provincial contribution to increase was from Mazar-e-Sharif 6.1%, Herat 5.8 %, Jalalabad 4.6%, and Kabul 3.0% in 2009-10. The main contributing factors were increase in the prices of housing, electricity and fuels and transportation in 2009-10.
De Afghanistan Bank quotes on a daily basis on Afghani /USD exchange rate based on early morning rate in free market. The average exchange rate Afs/ US$ during 2009-10 was Afs 49.16 and the average exchange rate in 2008-09 was Afs 50.85.it shows 3.4% increase in the value of Afghani in 2009-10. The major reason of this appreciation was creating the good policy of De Afghanistan Bank about the exchange rate and believing of people on Afs.